Architecture designed with intent to combat a problem to the user/s, or which the user/s deem a hostile condition.
Examples you see include:
- Spikes in roof beams to deter pigeons from nesting there
- Arm rests at the ends of short benches or in the middle of longer ones to deter people from sleeping there
- Blue lights in public or retail bathrooms to deter drug use cause the blue light makes it harder to find veins for needles
- Bright white stairs to public buildings to make people who might sleep there really visible
- Waterproof paints for boats used on buildings around night clubs where people might pee outside in alleys or the back, away from sight of most others, only to have their pee splash back on them
Once you know the concept, you can see it in many more places you might not have recognized, as mentioned in the podcast below. Only a few examples above were in the podcast. The rest I thought about once enlightened to the concept!
The podcast, below, though, is one of THE BEST podcast episodes I have ever listened to, having listened to over 500 now. It’s not only eye opening, but ridiculously hilarious for real life developments (not jokes). I would highly recommend it!
Mosaic plagiarism occurs when a student borrows phrases from a source without using quotation marks, or finds synonyms for the author’s language while keeping to the same general language structure and meaning as found in the original.
Sometimes called “path writing,” this kind of plagiarism, whether intentional or not, is academically dishonest and punishable. Even if you footnote your source.
from QC Pages of CUNY
In plainer language, it’s basically copying by concept with key point level details rather than by word, sentence, or paragraph. You could think of it as using “Replace All” for all names, maybe a few common, often used, words, expressions, used in the text, then rewriting sentences or paragraphs at a time in your own words, as a fast way of doing this.
In another way of possibly doing this where the “path writing” name might have come from, think of the plot as a path from start to end. Along the way, you pass through key points along the path. If you work harder than the example I gave in the paragraph above, you’d then be writing a summary to identify all these key points, change some names, and basically write your way from point to point, with the points being not too far apart so as not to lose the integrity of the original story that might have made it appealing. That is, some level of details, just enough not to get sued easily for plagiarism.
Suicide by Police (or Cop)
A suicide method in which a suicidal individual deliberately behaves in a threatening manner, with intent to provoke a lethal response from a public safety or law enforcement officer. Also known by acronyms of SBP or SBC.
According to the Revisionist History podcast below, Suicide by Police (or Cop) may make up to 10% of police shooting fatalities! In addition to the high and tragic numbers, for the disturbance it creates for society, where it’s easy to come to conclusion police used excessive force, that is a lot of disturbance! Such a situation causes the families of the person killed a lot of pain, oftentimes thinking it was murder, the officer/s and their families pain, and maybe a lot of unrest in society if it were deemed to be excessive force by police.
Now, I’m not saying police doesn’t use excessive force and that is not a problem by any means! That IS a big problem and there is a lot of justified unrest over it. However, the 10% of Suicide by Police (or Cop) doesn’t help any. It’s also a lethal protest tool if someone, in deciding to commit suicide, were intending to draw attention to the excessive police violence issue by making it seem that way through Suicide by Police (or Cop) rather than more conventional methods of suicide.
A devastating podcast not for the faint of heart, as warned at the beginning of the podcast, indeed!