Definition: Ashkenazim, Sephardim, Blood Libel, Dhimmi, Kashrut

My ongoing education about Judaism, and history of the Jewish Diaspora as part of my world art history education on Khan Academy.

 

Ashkenazim

Jews who can trace their ancestry back to Central and Eastern European areas

 

Sephardim

Jews who can trace their ancestry back to Central and Eastern European areas

 

Blood libel

A centuries-old false allegation that Jews murder Christians – especially Christian children – to use their blood for ritual purposes

 

Dhimmi

“People of the book”, what Jews were known as in Muslim areas in the Middle Ages

 

Kashrut

Jewish dietary laws

 

Definition: Prostyle, Forecourt, Tower Tomb, Loculus, Distaff, Closing Stone

Palmyra and tombs today…

 

Tower tomb

Towers used as kinship grouping tombs in Palmyra, often occupying high ground

 

Loculus (plural loculi)

An architectural compartment or niche that houses a body in a place of entombment, but in botany, each of a number of small separate cavities, especially in an ovary

 

Distaff

A stick or spindle onto which wool or flax is wound for spinning

 

Definition: Celebrant, Battlement, Merlon, Crenellation, Triple Deity

Palmyra and some more old architecture today…

 

Celebrant

A person who performs a rite

 

Battlement

A parapet at the top of a wall, especially of a fort or castle, that has regularly spaced squared openings for shooting through

 

Merlon

The solid upright section of a battlement in medieval architecture or fortifications (where you hide behind when not shooting arrows from the battlement)

 

Crenellation

The gap between merlons in a battlement

 

Triple deity

Three deities worshiped as one, like the Greek Fates