Definition: Optimal Stopping Theorem, Nerd Sniping, Negativity Threshold

Three beautiful concepts today, with equally beautiful uses!

 

Optimal Stopping Theorem

also known as Early Stopping Theorem

A theorem concerned with the problem of choosing a time to take a particular action, in order to maximise an expected reward or minimise an expected cost (i.e. optimal time to stop something, like dating for best chance at permanent or true love). Also widely used in statistics, economics, and mathematical finance. (Wikipedia)

 

Nerd Sniping

presenting someone, often a mathematician/physicist with a time consuming problem or challenge (often impossible to solve or complete) in the hopes of it appealing to a person’s obsessive tendencies, and/or cause harm from the distraction created.

 

Negativity Threshold

when the wife becomes so frustrated by her husband that she responds very negatively (low threshold is secret to a lasting relationship)

Definition: Myopia Theory

Myopia Theory

Theorizes that when under influence of enough alcohol, the here and now is not only what matters most to you, but also influences what matters to you. That is, you don’t think much about the future and potential consequences, but that also in not thinking, you let your environment determine how you act and feel such that you experience very different things under the same influence if in a quiet bar by yourself versus a crowded and rowdy frat party.

 

More formally…

A cognitive-physiological theory on alcohol abuse in which many of alcohol’s social and stress-reducing effects, which may underlie its addictive capacity, are explained as a consequence of alcohol’s narrowing of perceptual and cognitive functioning.

 

The first explanation is a lot easier to understand, in my opinion. I got it from Malcolm Gladwell in this podcast episode below, talking with Oprah Winfrey.

 

Definition: Self Determination Theory (SDT)

Self Determination Theory (SDT)

Self-determination theory (SDT) is a macro theory of human motivation and personality that concerns people’s inherent growth tendencies and innate psychological needs. It is concerned with the motivation behind choices people make without external influence and interference. Practically, it states that for life to be happy and meaningful, we all (universally) need a good extent of life situations where we feel we have competence, autonomy, and relatedness (ability to relate to others and they to you).

  • Wikipedia (first two points, last point in The Good Life Project podcast below)

 

“Nutrients” in the tweet should have been “nutriments”, which means something that nourishes (Merriam-Webster Dictionary), which is close enough to “nutrients” that the definition source lists nutrients as a pretty close synonym.