Definition: Haskalah, Pogroms, Hasidic Judaism

More about Judaism from my learning of art history…

 

Haskalah

The Jewish Enlightenment, was an intellectual movement among the Jews of Central and Eastern Europe, with certain influence on those in Western Europe and the Muslim world

 

Pogroms

A Russian word that means to violently destroy, used to describe the riots in Eastern Europe in the 19th and early 20th centuries that resulted in the rape and murder of Jews and the theft and destruction of their property

 

Hasidic Judaism

A Jewish religious group arising as a spiritual revival movement in Western Ukraine in the 18th century, and spread rapidly throughout Eastern Europe

 

Definition: Ashkenazim, Sephardim, Blood Libel, Dhimmi, Kashrut

My ongoing education about Judaism, and history of the Jewish Diaspora as part of my world art history education on Khan Academy.

 

Ashkenazim

Jews who can trace their ancestry back to Central and Eastern European areas

 

Sephardim

Jews who can trace their ancestry back to Central and Eastern European areas

 

Blood libel

A centuries-old false allegation that Jews murder Christians – especially Christian children – to use their blood for ritual purposes

 

Dhimmi

“People of the book”, what Jews were known as in Muslim areas in the Middle Ages

 

Kashrut

Jewish dietary laws